Scientific dating of artifacts


For each dating or chronological method there is a link in the box at right to take you to that section of this page.There, you will find a brief description of the method, plus links to take you to other webpages with more extensive information.On the basis of four radiocarbon measurements, ranging between 3790 110 BP and 3570 100 BP, available for the Megalithic period (without iron) Sharma (1992: 64, 67) has proposed a range of 1550-1300 BCE (uncalibrated) for the subsequent iron bearing period at Gufkral (Jammu & Kashmir). On the basis of this evidence a date of around 1300/1200 BCE has been suggested for the beginning of iron in India and c. Sinha (eds.), Indian Archaeological Heritage I: 189-97. New evidence from the Central Ganga Plain and the Eastern Vindhyas By Rakesh Tewari[Director, U. State Archaeological Department, Roshan-ud-daula Kothi, Kaisarbagh, Lucknow 226 001 (U. P.) India (Email: [email protected])] Recent excavations in Uttar Pradesh have turned up iron artefacts, furnaces, tuyeres and slag in layers radiocarbon dated between c. This raises again the question of whether iron working was brought in to India during supposed immigrations of the second millennium BCE, or developed independently.

Chakrabarti (1992: 68, 164; 1999: 333) has observed that at Ahar it would be the first quarter of the second millennium BCE and in Malwa soon after the middle of the second millennium BCE. 537More recently, early contexts containing iron at Jhusi, located on the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna in district Allahabad, have been dated to 1107-844 cal BCE (Tewari et al. Komaranhalli (Karnataka) has given TL dates in the twelfth – fifteenth century BCE, while the radiocarbon dates for early Iron Age sites of Veerapuram and Ramapuram (Andhra Pradesh) are sixteenth – eleventh century cal BCE (Table 1) (Deo 1991: 193; Moorti 1994: 122-23) while in Vidarbha region (Maharastra), contexts containing iron have given radiocarbon dates between the fourteenth and tenth centuries cal BCE (Table 1).

Neither the state nor the universities nor any museum have the right to confiscate your collection nor to force an excavation project on you. Some unscrupulous collectors purposefully mislead landowners about this; they want to collect year after year without ever sharing information.

If you report a site, personnel at the Kansas State Historical Society will help you with the process, and they won't make the location public.

Apparently, it’s so old that a section of the handle has begun the transformation to coal.

Creationists, of course, were all over this, and creationist Carl Baugh latched on to the hammer in the eighties, even using it as the basis of speculation of how the atmospheric quality of a pre-flood earth could have encouraged the growth of giants.

Every once in a while, archaeologists (and sometimes amateur archaeologists) make remarkable and bizarre discoveries.


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